Sometimes, a few story become mystery and mystery become history of the country. Bhagat Singh and his comrades were an unfortunate segment of this mystery. Well, the question always being asked by history is that Did M.K Gandhi failed to saved Bhagat Singh and his comrades from the gibbet or he didn't want to stay them alive. because it wasn't gag indeed that M.K Gandhi was afraid of Bhagat Singh's reputation and popularity. M.K Gandhi beliefs that while he was the the sun of nationalism around which all the planets of the Indian National Congress revolved, Bhagat Singh alone was a star that followed an orbit of its own. What so ever, M.K Gandhi knew Bhagat Singh's name was as widely known all over India as him and India's youth have started to walk on the path of Bhagat Singh instead of Gandhi. And all this things did not allow Gandhi to sleep at night.
Among the martyrs who willingly treaded the thorny path with spirit and faced the gibbet with fortunate, the name Bhagat Singh shines as a star. Bhagat Sibgh stated that, 'One can kill individuals, but not ideas. Great empires crumbled, but the ideas survived.' He wanted India not only to be free but also a sovereign and socialist republic of workers and peasants. In a leaflet thrown in central assembly he declared, 'We dream of a glorious future, where men will be enjoying perfect peace and full liberty. But the sacrifice of few individuals at the alter of the great revolution that will bring freedom to all, rendering the exploitation of man by man impossible, is inevitable. The revolutionaries had a great agreement towards the freedom of the country in their own way. however, they could not enter deeply into the hearts of the masses they of course infused in them a spirit of patriotism and full faith to drive out foreigners from their soil. This courage concerned the British bureaucrats. Even those who were opposed to their ideology and methods, appreciate them for their love of motherland and the heroic way in which they faced the gibbet and and extremely hard life in the jails. After the bold act throwing bombs in the central assembly, instead of escaping from the spot, which was not a difficult task for them, they stood like a rock, raised revolutionary slogans, threw leaflets around and willingly courted arrests. 'Imquilab Zindabad,' the echo of the slogan raised by Bhagat Singh throughout the proceedings of the Delhi assembly bomb case was heard in each and every part of the country. this endeared them to the nation and bhagat singh became a symbol of nation.
British government was aware of the fact that its image was to pollute by the one sided trial in the assembly case. Bhagat singh and Batukeshwar dutt, in order to repair the state of political prisoners in the Indian jails, commenced the hunger strike in Mainwali and Lahore jails respectively. Bhagat Singh and his comrades able to win the sympathy and justification of the people for this supreme cause. During this trial, Bhagat singh disseminated his views expressly and fearlessly. Besides explaining the philosophy of revolutionaries, he drew attention of the public towards the unjust actions of the government. he was successful to a great extension in achieving both. crowds gathered to watch the proceedings in the court. at the main gate, a large number of students of schools and colleges always gathered to witness the proceedings. the huge youth crowd would sing patriotic song. such popular outbursts were also witnessed in almost all cities of the country. Undoubtedly, at the time, Bhagat Singh was the most popular figure of the nation. The verdict of death passed on Bhagat singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru virtually shook the nation.
Bhagat Singh did not associate himself with a plea of mercy, made on behalf of most of the accused, to the privacy council. He always opposed this idea of submission of an appeal of mercy. the government felt that submission of the plea of mercy would defer the execution and apprehended popular demonstration during this period. The secretary of State for India telegraphically informed the viceroy that judicial committee of the privy council had heard the appeal of mercy and had decided to recommend its dismissal, to the king. In view of the prospects of a compromise with Gandhi, acting on behalf of Congress, the British government decided to defer the execution of Bhagat Singh and his two associates.
on 14th of feb PT Madan Mohan Malaviya appealed to the viceroy for mercy in the case of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev and to commute the death sentence into that of transportation for life. Bhagat Singh's mother Vidyavati too requested the viceroy to exercise his prerogative of mercy and put a stay on the execution and commute it to an imprisonment term. A few days later, M.K Gandhi went to discussed this matter with the viceroy.
According to Gandhi, he told the viceroy, 'this has no connection with our discussion and it may even be inappropriate on my part to mention it. but if you want to make the present atmosphere more favorable, you should suspend Bhagat Singh's execution for some days.'
The viceroy expressed his gratefulness to Gandhi for putting the matter in such a manner, 'commutation of sentence was difficult thing but suspension could be considered, 'saying the viceroy.'
Gandhi nodded. While appreciating Bhagat Singh's bravery, Gandhi said that in his opinion he was not in the right frame of mind.whatever happens, it was indeed truth that M.K Gandhi did not want to stopped the hanging. Gandhi did not want to commute the death sentence into that transportation for life.
The disappointment of the public was shared by Subhas Chandra Bose, and few other leaders of Congress. A few young enthusiasts of the congress distributed pamphlets asking Gandhi, as to how can there be peace when a sentence of death is hanging over the heads of patriots. addressing a mass meeting of over fifty thousand, gandhi pointed out that two days before he had signed a pro visionary temporary settlement with viceroy which is no way can be called a peace treaty.
he beseeches the young men to have courage and patience. In case the old men had bungled and were guilty of weakness, the youth should force them to abdicate and assume the reins themselves. as a negotiator of provisional truce the pledge of truth non violence and boundaries of justice were not forgotten by him. gandhi also warned the youths that bhagat singh cannot be released by violent means. in his place thousand of bhagat singh would have to be sacrifice. in the end gandhi beseeches the youths to change their methods and accept the settlement. in other language forget bhagat singh and be with congress. because till then M.K Gandhi signed at the death agreement of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.
since the begining Bhagat singh had no faith in Gandhi, and his cult of non violence and the congress. Bhagat Singh knew the congress policy is weak, reformatory and constitutional. the constitutionalism are always useless for the revolutionary interests. the opportunist enemy has made an agreement to save his skin after some give and take. and when the question of implementation arises, it throws the agreement paper into the waste paper basket. So many pacts were made previously but nothing had materialized. He knew well congress had the only purpose to gain power and dress up their own government. but from the beginning bhagat singh's motive was not get the independence merely. because according to him independence doesn't make any change to the ordinary people's lives. will workers and peasants ever change their circumstances. will they grant their own rights. he believes independence is just the first step, aim is to make homeland where all have the right to equal pay for all. where there will be no one's slave. Blood will not flow in the name of Hindu and Muslim. people of every religion breath secure under the same sky. and of course that will call only real independence.
on 23 March, 1931, Lahore Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged. they were only 23 years old when they gave up their lives.
the execution gave a rude shock to all, especially the youths. The whole country criticized M K Gandhi for failing to save their precious lives but it did not matter to M.K Gandhi at all.
and that's why
still our society is ravaged by the poison of fundamentalism, communal hatred, injustice and corruption....